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Bird species affected by poaching


Bow traps in Northern Italy

The following species were found in bow traps in North Italy in the course of our bird protection camps.

Species scientific name
Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Wren* Troglodytes troglodytes
Common Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Robin** Erithacus rubecula
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Blackbird Turdus merula
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collyita
Great Tit Parus major
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus
Coal Tit Parus ater
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Grünfink Carduelis chloris
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius

* Some 5 % of bow trap victims are Wrens
** Some 90 % of bow trap victims are Robins

Mammals
Edible Dormouse Glis glis
Garden Dormouse Eliomys quercinus
Hazel Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius
Stoat Mustela erminea

Wren Troglodytes troglodytes in a bow trapWren Troglodytes troglodytes in a bow trap This Tengmalm`s Owl Aegolius funereus was freed unscathed from a bow trap.This Tengmalm`s Owl Aegolius funereus was freed unscathed from a bow trap.


Snap traps in Northern Italy

Snap traps have been used by poachers in North Italy since the mid-1990s. The following species have been found to date in these traps. The same traps are used in Southern Italy but, due to different poaching season and habitat, other species are caught (see below).

Species scientific name
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Common Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Blackbird Turdus merula
Great Tit Parus major
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus
Coal Tit Parus ater
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Mammals
Edible Dormouse Glis glis
Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus

Robin Erithacus rubeculaRobin Erithacus rubecula Edible Dormouse Glis glisEdible Dormouse Glis glis


Snap traps in Southern Italy

The snap traps on the south Italian coast are set out to specifically catch late migrating insectivores. The following species have been recorded to date in these traps:

Species scientific name
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Black Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Commin Redstart* Phoenicurus ochruros
Nightingale* Luscinia megarhynchos
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Northern Wheatear* Oenanthe oenanthe
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica
Whinchat* Saxicola rubetra
Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis
Blackbird Turdus merula
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Whitethroat* Sylvia communis
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collyita
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Serin Serinus serinus
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus

* The species with asterisk represent 80 % of birds caught - in descending order: Whinchat, Northern Wheatear, Whitethroat, Nightingale and Common Redstart.

Woodchat Shrike Lanius senatorWoodchat Shrike Lanius senator Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchosNightingale Luscinia megarhynchos


Horsehair snares on Sardinia

On Sardinia horsehair snares are used to trap above all wintering bird species. The following species were recorded trapped in horsehair snares in the course of our Sardinian bird protection camps:

Species scientifixc name
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Robin Erithacus rubecula
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Blackbird Turdus merula
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Great Tit Parus major
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis

Robin Erithacus rubeculaRobin Erithacus rubecula This Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus wanted to take the trapped Song Thrush and became itself the victim of the snareThis Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus wanted to take the trapped Song Thrush and became itself the victim of the snare